Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the U.S. (after heart disease). When you know the risks, implement prevention measures, and take advantage of your cancer screening options, you have taken three big steps toward conquering both your fear of the disease and the disease itself.
Be good to yourself; make an appointment to see your physician for the appropriate screening. After you reward yourself, spread the word to your loved ones. Make certain that they also make the right decision to see their healthcare provider for early examinations too!
|Test or Procedure||Who||Age||Frequency|
|Health Counseling & Cancer Check-up||Men/Women
|20 – 40
|Every 3 years
|Digital Rectal Exam||Men/Women||Over 40||Every year|
|Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test||Men||40 & over for African Americans and men with family history of prostate cancer, 50 & over for all other men||Every year|
|Stool Fecal Occult Blood Test||Men/Women||Over 50||Every year|
|Colonoscopy||Men/Women||45 and over||Every 3 – 5 years (Sigmoidoscopy) or every 10 years (Colonoscopy)|
|Pap Test-Pelvic Exam||Women||All women who are, or who have been, sexually active, or who have reached age 18. After 3 or more consecutive annual exams, the test may be performed less frequently||
Annually, or at Discretion of Physicians
|Breast Self-Exam||Women||20 and over||Every month|
|Breast Physical Exam||Women||20 and over
|Every 3 years|
|Mammogram (breast x-ray)||Women||40 and over||Every year|